Spelling

Spelling Rules

In exams and coursework extra marks are available for correct spelling. Listed below are some basic spelling rules.
Remember these definitions:

vowel a, e, i, o, u
consonant all the other letters - b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, I, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, v, w, x, y, z.
syllable one beat of a word
i.e. 'adventure' has 3 -'ad' 'ven' 'ture''     me' has 1
Rule 1 'i' before 'e' except immediately after 'c' or when sounded as 'a'
example: achieve, receipt, foreign.
Rule 2 drop the final 'e' before adding an ending beginning with a vowel
example: love - loving, drive - driving but keep it before a consonant
example: love - lovely, care - careful
Rule 3 Words ending in soft 'ce' or 'ge' keep the 'e' before 'able' and 'ous'
example: advantage - advantageous, notice - noticeable
Rule 4 'full', 'till', 'all', 'well' lose one 'l' when they are added to another word
example: hopeful, useful, until, cheerful, fulfil
Rule 5 Verbs which end in 'ie' change the ending to 'y' before adding 'ing'
example: die - dying, lie - lying
Rule 6 If a word ends in a consonant plus 'y', change the 'y' to 'i' before adding any ending except 'ing'
example: party - parties, heavy - heaviness

Remember! There are exceptions to each rule.


Spelling methods:
Try these 4 steps below on words you have difficulty spelling.

  1. Look at the word, say each syllable to yourself as you look at it, look for letter patterns and tricky bits and try to picture it in your head.
  2. Cover the word and say it to yourself.
  3. Write the word, and say each syllable as you write it.
  4. Check to see if you've got it right; if not go back to step one.

 

Spelling List

accommodation
actually
alcohol
although
analyse/analysis
argument
assessment
atmosphere
audible
audience
autumn
beautiful
beginning
believe
beneath
buried
business
caught
chocolate
climb
column
concentration
conclusion
conscience
conscious
consequence
continuous
creation
daughter
decide/decision
definite
design
development
diamond
diary
disappear
disappoint
embarrass
energy
engagement
enquire
environment
evaluation
evidence
explanation
February
fierce
forty
fulfil
furthermore
guard
happened
health
height
imaginary
improvise
industrial
interesting
interrupt
issue
jealous
knowledge
listening
lovely
marriage
material
meanwhile
miscellaneous
mischief
modern
moreover
murmur
necessary
nervous
original
outrageous
parallel
participation
pattern
peaceful
people
performance
permanent
persuade/persuasion
physical
possession
potential
preparation
prioritise
process
proportion
proposition
questionnaire
queue
reaction
receive
reference
relief
remember
research
resources
safety
Saturday
secondary
separate
sequence
shoulder
sincerely
skilful
soldier
stomach
straight
strategy
strength
success
surely
surprise
survey
technique
technology
texture
tomorrow
unfortunately
Wednesday
weight
weird
women

Don't forget to learn five spellings every week to help you improve your writing


Common homophones and confusions…

advice/advise
a lot of
affect/effect
allowed/aloud
bought/brought
braking/breaking
choose/chose
cloth/clothe
conscience/conscious
course/coarse
our/are
practice/practise
quiet/quite
sites/sights
sitting/sat
source/sauce
thank you
threw/through
to/too/two
their/there/they're

Do you know when you should be using the above?